Sermeq Kujalleq, Kalaallit Nunaat
One of the fastest and most active glaciers of the world

 
The Landscapes and the Glaciers
 
The Icebergs
  

Located on the west coast of Greenland, 250 km north of the Arctic Circle, Greenland's Ilulissat Icefjord (40,240 ha) is the sea mouth of Sermeq Kujalleq, one of the few glaciers through which the Greenland ice cap reaches the sea. Sermeq Kujalleq is one of the fastest (19 m per day) and most active glaciers in the world. Its annual calving is of over 35 km3 of ice, 10% of the production of all Greenland calf ice and more than any other glacier outside Antarctica. Studied for over 250 years, it has helped develop our understanding of climate change and ice-cap glaciology. The combination of a huge ice-sheet and the dramatic sounds of a fast-moving glacial ice-stream calving into a fjord covered by icebergs make for a dramatic and awe-inspiring natural phenomenon.
The upwelling caused by calving icebergs brings up nutrient-rich water which supports prolific invertebrate life and attracts great numbers of fish, seals and whales that feed on the generated nutrients. 20 species of fish have been recorded in the area; the dominant species is the flatfish Greenland halibut which feeds mainly on northern shrimp and euphausid crustaceans. The halibut migrates seasonally in and out of the fjord, living both on the benthos and in the open sea. Warmer waters bring the Atlantic cod, ringed seal and Greenland shark to the area. All three species are hunted by man and feed on the halibut. Harp seals, fin and minke whales occur in summer at the fjord mouth with very occasional blue and Greenland whales. Beluga visit Disko Bugt in autumn and winter.
Land birds are few and also typical for the area; there are few mammals within the locality. Arctic fox is believed to be common, whereas Arctic hare occur mainly in the higher land near the inland ice. Reindeer live only to the south of the icefjord, and polar bears are very rare visitors.
Greenland has been inhabited for 4,500 years, settlers migrating from Asia via the Bering Straits and north-west Greenland in three main waves, known as the Saqqaq, Dorset and from 1000 BP, the Thule peoples. Their middens are shown in clear section at the Thule settlement of Sermermuit near Ilulissat. Norsemen inhabited south-west Greenland between AD 985 and 1450. During the 16th-18th centuries explorers followed by whalers inhabited the area. The nominated area includes the archaeologically valuable sites of Sermermuit, abandoned in 1850, and Qajaa on the south side of the fjord, abandoned earlier. The early settlers summered in tents but used stone and turf hovels in winter. The first local Danish settlement was in 1742 at Jakobshavn, now Ilulissat.
Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC

Freshwater Ecoregion of the World : #998 Greenland (unassessed)

Realised with the help of Peter Gobet of Bugaboo Sport

The Landscapes and the Glaciers


U30-854


U30-853

U30-852

U30-851

U30-850

U30-849

U30-848

U30-847

U30-846

U30-845

U30-844

U30-843

U30-842

U30-841

U30-840

U30-839

U30-838

U30-837

U30-836

U30-835

U30-834

U30-833

U30-832

U30-831

U30-830

U30-829

U30-828

U30-827

U30-826

U30-825

U30-824

U30-823

U30-822

U30-821

U30-820

U30-819

U30-818

U30-817

U30-816

U30-815

U30-814

U30-813

U30-812

U30-811

U30-810

U30-776

U30-777

U30-778

U30-779

U30-780

U30-781

U30-782

U30-783

U30-784

U30-785

U30-786

U30-787

U30-788

U30-789

U30-790

U30-791

U30-792

U30-793

U30-794

The Icebergs


U30-625

U30-626

U30-627

U30-628

U30-629

U30-630

U30-631

U30-632

U30-633

U30-634

U30-635

U30-636

U30-637

U30-638

U30-639

U30-640

U30-641

U30-6
42

U30-643

U30-644

U30-645

U30-646

U30-647

U30-648

U30-649

U30-650

U30-651

U30-652

U30-653

U30-654

U30-655

U30-656

U30-657

U30-658

U30-659

U30-660

U30-661

U30-662

U30-663

U30-664

U30-665

U30-666

U30-667

U30-668

U30-669

U30-670

U30-6
71

U30-672

U30-673

U30-674

U30-675

U30-676

U30-677

U30-678

U30-679

U30-680

U30-681

U30-682

U30-683

U30-684

U30-685

U30-686

U30-687

U30-688

U30-689

U30-690

U30-691

U30-692

U30-693

U30-694

U30-695

U30-696

U30-697

U30-698

U30-699

U30-700

U30-701

U30-702

U30-703

U30-704

U30-705

U30-706

U30-707

U30-708

U30-709

U30-710

U30-711

U30-712

U30-713

U30-714

U30-715

U30-716

U30-717

U30-718

U30-719

U30-720

U30-721

U30-722

U30-723

U30-724

U30-725

U30-726

U30-727

U30-728

U30-729

U30-730

U30-731

U30-732

U30-733

U30-734

U30-735

U30-736

U30-737

U30-738

U30-739

U30-740

U30-741

U30-742

U30-743

U30-744

U30-745

U30-746

U30-747

U30-748

U30-749

U30-750

U30-751

U30-752

U30-753

U30-754

U30-755

U30-756

U30-757

U30-758

U30-759

U30-760

U30-761

U30-762

U30-763

U30-764

U30-765

U30-766

U30-767

U30-768

U30-769

U30-770

U30-771

U30-772

U30-795

U30-796

U30-797

U30-798

U30-799

U30-773

U30-774

U30-775

U30-800

U30-801

U30-802

U30-803

U30-804

U30-805


U30-00
1

U30-00
2

U30-00
3

U30-00
4

U30-00
5

U30-00
6

U30-00
7

U30-00
8

U30-00
9

U30-010

U30-011

U30-012

U30-013

U30-014

U30-015

U30-016

U30-017

U30-018

U30-019

U30-020

U30-02
1

U30-02
2

U30-02
3

U30-02
4

U30-025

U30-026

U30-027

U30-028

U30-029

U30-030

U30-031

U30-032

U30-033

U30-034

U30-035

U30-036

U30-037

U30-038

U30-039

U30-040

U30-041
All Photographs Copyright 2014© Michel Roggo